The monthly safety quiz has become a popular feature in our weekly safety tips. Some of you are using them as training guides for your staff. This week, we are offering a variety of scenarios with a range of topics. What would you do in these situations? As in the past, the answers will be in the bottom of the column to the right.
1. Your company is installing a new process that will be using liquid nitrogen. You have been tasked with determining what gloves those that will work with the material will wear. What will you choose?
A. Nitrogen is a gas, so you don’t need gloves.
B. Leather – leather gloves are good for everything.
C. Liquid nitrogen is cryogenic, so whatever glove you choose must be insulated. Check the SDS to make sure.
D. Nitrile gloves should work, right?
2. Joe is your warehouse manager. Today he is supposed to be in attendance at the Safety Committee Meeting at 9 AM, but he’s a no-show. This is not like him, he’s usually very reliable. He’s not answering calls, texts or emails. You call his assistant to go check on him. They call back frantically, reporting that he is slumped over his desk and may not be breathing. Of the following, which should be done?
A. Have someone call 911.
B. Start compressions and rescue breathing (CPR).
C. Send someone to the entrance of the building to escort the ambulance attendants to the warehouse.
D. Grab an AED and go to administer a life-saving shock.
E. All of the above.
3. You have a crew of two people. They are both needed to do repair work on a piece of circuitry. The circuitry is located in a vault within a manufacturing plant. The vault is about 7 feet high by 5 feet wide and 6 feet long, can only be entered by a fixed ladder, and has several pipes running through it. What should be some of your considerations in this scenario?
A. The crew has entered this vault before and are experienced. Nothing has happened in the past, so there should be no problems. Get the crew going and on the job.
B. This sounds like a confined space. Have someone else assigned to the crew to be an Attendant while they are in the space working, make sure everyone is trained appropriately, get them radios or another means of communication, provide air monitoring, and make sure they have self-rescue equipment available.
C. Assign a supervisor to manage the project from the office. That should cover it.
D. It may be a confined space, but it does not sound like there are any hazards. Send the crew out to the job. Tell them to call you if something comes up.
4. You have a project out in the field that will require cutting and welding on metals. Is a fire watch required?
A. Yes, a fire watch is required when the welding is not in a controlled, designated welding area (welding shop, eg.).
B. Yes. A fire watch is always required. The location of the welding activities does not determine whether a fire watch is required.
C. No, as long as someone removes all the combustible materials within a 35-foot radius of the welding activities, a fire watch is not required.
D. No, as long as there is a fire extinguisher readily available, a fire watch is not required.
5. Lisa is working on a ladder, changing a light bulb in the office. Gerald is texting while walking and walks right into the ladder, knocking Lisa down. Lisa loses consciousness briefly, for only a minute or two. You have a supervisor take her to the emergency room. The emergency room staff run some tests, and after a few hours, they release her. Should you report this to OSHA, per federal OSHA requirements?*
A. Yes, because she lost consciousness. That is what makes it a reportable and recordable event.
B. Yes, she went to an emergency room and had tests. That is what makes it a reportable event.
C. No, because she was only unconscious for less than five minutes. That is what makes it a non-reportable event. It is, however recordable.
D. No, because she was not held overnight in the hospital. An overnight stay in the hospital is what makes it a non-reportable event. It is, however a recordable event and should be entered on your OSHA 300 logs.
6. Your company stores hazardous materials on site. Management has determined that they want any employee that will be required to respond to a spill of those materials to take defensive actions to contain the spill, but not to try to stop the leak or release of the materials. They have determined that they will hire a professional company to do that. Per the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation, what level of training is required, and how often do these responders need to be trained?
1. C. Handling
cryogenics requires an insulated glove.
above. The first action should always be to contact 911.
3. B. It is a confined space.
4. A. A fire watch is required when not in a designated hot work area.
5. D This is a recordable event, but not a reportable one. You do not have to call OSHA. However, if you are in a state plan state, please check with your local OSHA.
6. First Responder Operations (FRO) level training is required when the employer expects the employees to take defensive actions only. This training has an annual refresher requirement.